侯勇与哈尔滨秋林集团股份有限公司等商标异议复审行政纠纷一案上诉人（原审第三人）侯勇，男，汉族，1957年6月3日出生，住黑龙江省哈尔滨市南岗区永和街58号1单元3楼1号。 委托代理人李琦，北京市天元律师事务所律师。 委托代理人吕艳，北京市天元律师事务所律师。 被上诉人（原审原告）哈尔滨秋林集团股份有限公司，住所地黑龙江省哈尔滨市南岗区东大直街319号。 法定代表人蒋贤云，董事长。 委托代理人王国强，北京市雨仁律师事务所律师。 委托代理人姜庆文，黑龙江新时达律师事务所律师。 原审被告国家工商行政管理总局商标评审委员会，住所地北京市西城区三里河东路8号。 法定代表人许瑞表，主任。 委托代理人韩秀花，国家工商行政管理总局商标评审委员会干部。 上诉人侯勇因商标异议复审行政纠纷一案，不服北京市第一中级人民法院（2008）一中行初字第681号行政判决，于法定期限内向本院提出上诉。本院于2009年2月3日受理本案后，依法组成合议庭，于2009年2月24日公开开庭审理了本案。上诉人侯勇的委托代理人李琦、吕艳，被上诉人哈尔滨秋林集团股份有限公司（简称秋林集团公司）的委托代理人王国强、姜庆文到庭参加了诉讼，原审被告国家工商行政管理总局商标评审委员会（简称商标评审委员会）经本院传票传唤无正当理由，没有到庭应诉，本院依法进行了缺席审理。本案现已审理终结。 北京市第一中级人民法院认定，侯勇于2003年7月1日向国家工商行政管理总局商标局（简称商标局）申请注册第3612653号“伊雅秋林”商标（简称被异议商标），指定使用商品为第29类香肠、风肠、猪肉食品、肉、水果罐头、蘑菇罐头、肉罐头、果酱、腌制蔬菜、牛奶、酸奶等,商标局经审查后予以初步审定公告。在被异议商标初审公告后的异议期内，秋林集团公司向商标局提出异议申请，其使用的引证商标为第1266601号“秋林及图”商标（简称引证商标）。该引证商标于1999年4月21日获准注册，核定使用商品为第29类香肠、风干肠、火腿、腌腊肉、风肠、熏煮肠、猪肝肠、牛舌肠等。2007年9月3 日，商标局做出（2007）商标异字第04112号“伊雅秋林”商标异议裁定书，认定被异议商标与引证商标未构成近似商标，被异议商标应予以注册。秋林集团公司不服该裁定并向商标评审委员会申请复审。商标评审委员会于2008年5月5日做出商评字〔2008〕第4378号《关于第3612653号“伊雅秋林”商标异议复审裁定书》（简称第4378号裁定），认定被异议商标申请注册并未侵犯他人在先商号权，亦未损害他人的姓名权，被异议商标与引证商标未构成指定使用在类似商品上近似商标，秋林集团公司所提异议复审理由不成立，裁定准予被异议商标注册。 北京市第一中级人民法院认为，鉴于秋林集团公司未实际使用该商标，亦无其他证据证明其为“伊雅秋林”商标的所有人，故无论侯勇是否为秋林集团公司的代理人，其申请注册被异议商标的行为均不违反《中华人民共和国商标法》（简称《商标法》）第十五条的规定，亦不符合《商标法》第三十一条有关“以不正当手段抢先注册他人已经使用并有一定影响的商标”的规定。被异议商标指定使用商品中的肉罐头、香肠、风肠、猪肉食品、肉与引证商标核定使用的香肠、风干肠、火腿、腌腊肉、风肠、熏煮肠、猪肝肠、牛舌肠为类似商品，但被异议商标指定使用的水果罐头、蘑菇罐头、果酱、腌制蔬菜、牛奶、酸奶等商品与引证商标的核定使用商品为非类似商品。被异议商标“伊雅秋林”完全包含了引证商标中起重要识别作用的文字部分“秋林”，结合考虑相关当事人均处在同一地域等情况，应当认定被异议商标如果注册在肉罐头、香肠、风肠、猪肉食品、肉等与引证商标核定使用商品相类似的商品上，会造成消费者对于商品来源的混淆，故不应准许被异议商标在上述商品上的注册。因水果罐头、蘑菇罐头、果酱、腌制蔬菜、牛奶、酸奶等商品与引证商标的核定使用商品并不类似，故应准许被异议商标在上述商品上的注册。综上，北京市第一中级人民法院依据《中华人民共和国行政诉讼法》第五十四条第（二）项之规定，判决：一、撤销商标评审委员会做出的第4378号裁定；二、商标评审委员会针对秋林集团公司对第3612653号“伊雅秋林”商标所提出的异议复审申请重新做出异议复审裁定。
The dispute of administration of brand demur reexamine such as Hou Yong and Inc. of group of Harbin Qiu Lin one case appellant (first trial the 3rd person) Hou Yong, male, the Han nationality, was born on June 3, 1957, stay in Heilongjiang province Harbin city Na Gang district always is mixed street 3 buildings of 58 1 unit 1. Attorney Li Qi, beijing day yuan attorney office solicitor. Attorney Lv is colourful, beijing day yuan attorney office solicitor. Appellee (first trial accuser) Inc. of group of Harbin Qiu Lin, abode ground Heilongjiang visits area of the hillock austral Harbin city east big straight market 319. Legal representative Jiang Xianyun, president. Attorney kingdom is strong, beijing rain benevolence attorney office solicitor. Attorney Jiang Qingwen, attorney office solicitor is amounted to when Heilongjiang is new. Country of first trial the accused is versed in commercial firm politics manages total bureau brand to evaluate committee, abode ground Beijing on the west the city zone 3 lis of rivers east road 8. The legal representative makes lucky list, director. Attorney Han show is beautiful, the country is versed in commercial firm politics manages total bureau brand to evaluate committee cadre. Appellant Hou brave because dispute of administration of brand demur reexamine one case, refuse to obey Beijing court of the first intermediate people (2008) one in the 681st administration adjudicates the word at the beginning of travel, at introversion of legal time limit this academy puts forward to appeal. This academy accepted a case hind on Feburary 3, 2009, comprise collegiate bench lawfully, heard this case at making public open a court session on Feburary 24, 2009. The attorney Li Qi of appellant Hou brave, Lv is colourful, inc. of group of appellee Harbin Qiu Lin (company of group of abbreviation Qiu Lin) strong, Jiang Qingwen goes to attorney kingdom front courtyard joined suit, country of first trial the accused is versed in commercial firm politics manages total bureau brand to evaluate committee (abbreviation brand evaluates committee) subpoena of subpoena of classics this academy does not have warrant, do not have front courtyard to should appeal to, this academy undertook absent is tried lawfully. This case already was tried now terminative. Court of the first intermediate people maintains Beijing, hou Yong was versed in to the country on July 1, 2003 commercial firm politics runs bureau of total bureau brand (abbreviation brand bureau) application registers the 3612653rd " Yi elegant Qiu Lin " brand (abbreviation by demur brand) , appoint use commodity to be food of bowel of the 29th kind of banger, wind, pork, flesh, tinned fruit, dawdle vegetable of can of potted, flesh, conserve, souse, milk, yoghurt, after brand bureau classics is examined, give preliminary and authorized announcement. Be in by the demur after announcement of demur brand first trial period inside, company of Qiu Lin group to brand bureau demur applies for, the adduce label that its use is the 1266601st " Qiu Lin and graph " brand (abbreviation is adduce brand) . This are adduce brand was registered permissibly on April 21, 1999, use commodity of check and ratify is bowel of the 29th kind of banger, airing, ham, bloat bowel of bacon, wind, fume the bowel that boil, pork liver bowel of tongue of bowel, ox. On September 3, 2007, brand bureau make (2007) brand different word the 04112nd " Yi elegant Qiu Lin " book of brand demur ruling, maintain was not formed by demur brand and adduce brand approximate brand, be answered by demur brand to enroll. Company of Qiu Lin group refuses to obey should rule and file review a case to brand evaluation committee. Brand evaluation committee judges 2008 〕 of word 〔 at making trade on May 5, 2008 the 4378th " about the 3612653rd " Yi elegant Qiu Lin " book of ruling of brand demur reexamine " (abbreviation rules the 4378th number) , maintain be applied for to register by demur brand did not encroach other prevenient firm counterpoises, the full name that also did not injure another person counterpoises, was not formed to appoint by demur brand and adduce brand use approximate on similar goods label, place of company of Qiu Lin group carries demur reexamine reason not to hold water, rule allow is registered by demur brand. Beijing court of the first intermediate people thinks, in view of Qiu Lin group company uses this label not actually, also prove without other evidence its are " Yi elegant Qiu Lin " the everybody of brand, reason no matter the agent that whether Hou Yong is company of Qiu Lin group, its apply for to register all be not disobeyed by the behavior of demur brand " trademark law of People's Republic of China " (abbreviation " trademark law " ) the 15th regulation, also do not accord with " trademark law " thirtieth is concerned " the brand that register other to had been used first with wrong step and has certain effect " regulation. Bowel of the banger that food of the fleshy can in be being appointed to use commodity by demur brand, banger, wind bowel, pork, flesh and adduce brand check and ratify use, airing, ham, bloat bowel of bacon, wind, fume the bowel that boil, pork liver bowel of tongue of bowel, ox, but the check and ratify of the commodity such as vegetable of can of the tinned fruit that is appointed to use by demur brand, dawdle, conserve, souse, milk, yoghurt and adduce brand uses commodity to be not similar goods. By demur brand " Yi elegant Qiu Lin " important identifying rise in including adduce brand completely the literal part of action " Qiu Lin " , union considers relevant party to all wait for a circumstance at same district, ought to maintain if register,be in by demur brand use the goods with commodity similar photograph food of bowel of fleshy can, banger, wind, pork, flesh to go up with adduce brand check and ratify, can create customer to commodity origin promiscuous, reason should not allow the enrollment that is gotten on in afore-mentioned commodity by demur brand. The check and ratify that waits for commodity and adduce brand because of vegetable of can of tinned fruit, dawdle, conserve, souse, milk, yoghurt uses commodity not similar, reason should allow the enrollment that is gotten on in afore-mentioned commodity by demur brand. On put together, beijing basis of court of the first intermediate people " procedural law of administration of People's Republic of China " fiftieth 4 (2) regulation, court decision: One, the 4378th ruling that cancel brand evaluates committee to make; 2, brand evaluation committee is opposite the 3612653rd in the light of company of Qiu Lin group " Yi elegant Qiu Lin " the demur review a case that brand place offers applies for to make demur reexamine rule afresh.